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The Double Truth Controversy. An Analytical Essay

The Double Truth Controversy. An Analytical Essay

Autor: Bartosz Brożek
(komentarze: 0)
ISBN: 9788362259014 Okładka: twarda z obwolutą
Liczba stron: 206 s. Rok wydania: 2010

The principal source of the double truth controversy is the condemnation of 1277 issued by the bishop of Paris, Stephan Tempier. In the introduction to the document, Tempier condemns those philosophers who claim that there are things true according to the Catholic faith but false on the basis of natural reason. There is little doubt that Tempier thought of Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia. There are several problems involved here, the first being whether anyone has actually ever advocated double truth. The second follows on the heels of the first since, if so, what does the theory of duplex veritas amount to? Finally, is it rational to uphold a view that embraces double truth? This book attempts to answer these questions via an exegesis of historical texts and by the application of some modern logical techniques to medieval theories. The resulting picture is that of complex and interesting accounts of the relationship between faith and reason, enabling an in-depth reflection on the contemporary discussions of the issue.

PROLOGUE. Tempier’s accusation
CHAPTER ONE. Medieval theories of double truth

1. Greek philosophy and Christian faith
1.1. The Arabic influence: the philosophy of Averroes
1.2. The first condemnation
1.3. Condemnation of 1277
2. Siger of Brabant
2.1. Life and writings
2.2. Eternity of the world
2.3. Monopsychism
2.4. Double truth?
3. Boethius of Dacia
3.1. Life and writings
3.2. Eternity of the world
4. John Buridan
4.1. Life and writings
4.2. Eternity of the world
4.3. Human soul
4.4. Eucharist
4.5. Two orders
5. Pietro Pomponazzi
5.1. Life and writings
5.2. Immortality of the soul
5.3. Pomponazzi and double truth
6. Double truth revisited
CHAPTER TWO. Tempier’s Model
1. Presentation of the model
1.1. General remarks
1.2. Example
1.3. The model
2. Paraconsistent logics
2.1. Overview
2.2. Jaśkowski’s system
2.3. Non-truth functional systems
2.4. Relevant logics
2.5. Using the systems
3. Modus tollendo ponens
3.1. The problem
3.2. Adaptive logics
4. Ontology or epistemology?
CHAPTER THREE. Siger’s Model
1. Presentation of the model
1.1. The model
1.2. Example restated
2. Siger’s Model 1
2.1. The first requirement
2.2. Belief revision theory
2.3. Siger’s Model 1: directives for contraction
3. Siger’s Model 2
3.1. The notion of autonomy
3.2. Conceptual schemes
3.3. Strong methodological autonomy
4. Ontology or epistemology?
CHAPTER FOUR. Buridan’s Model
1. Presentation of the model
1.1. The model
1.2. Example restated
2. The logic of Buridan’s Model
2.1. Desiderata for reconstruction
2.2. Defeasible logic – an overview
3. Argument-based defeasible logic
3.1. Presentation of DABL
3.2. DABL and Buridan’s Model
4. Model-theoretic defeasible logic
4.1. Presentation of DMTL
4.2. DMTL applied
5. Ontology or epistemology?
CHAPTER FIVE. Truth or another enigma?
1. The concepts
2. Tempier’s Model
2.1. A problem with truth
2.2. Tarski’s account and the strongest argument
3. Siger’s Model
3.1. The model
3.2. Secundum viam philosophiae
3.3. Probabilitas in Siger’s Model
4. Buridan’s Model
4.1. The model
4.2. Probabilitas
4.3. Truth-on-assumption and evidentness-on-assumption
4.4. DMTL
5. Summary

 

Słowa kluczowe: Prawda-historia

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